What are venous diseases?
The veins in the legs have to work particularly hard to achieve this. If they can’t cope, the blood pools in the legs, and various forms of venous disease can develop.
Venous diseases are very widespread. Many men and women in Germany even have chronic venous disease. The predisposition is often genetically programmed, but factors such as standing or sitting a lot at work, obesity and lack of physical exercise also play a role. Tired and heavy legs, pins and needles or swollen ankles can all be signs of venous insufficiency. Venous changes can be effectively counteracted by interpreting the symptoms properly and taking early preventive measures.
Examples for venous diseases
Typical examples of a venous disease are:
- Varicose veins
- Venous inflammation
- Spider veins
The venous system
While the arteries transport blood from the heart to the body, the veins transport the oxygen-deficient blood back to the heart – against gravity. This function is supported by the so-called muscle pump in the leg muscles and the venous valves. Like a valve, these prevent the blood from flowing back down the leg. If this system begins to fail, the blood pools in the legs. We develop spider veins, varicose veins, venous inflammation and, in very advanced stages, venous leg ulcers.
Signs and symptoms
The first changes in your leg veins have normally already started long before you discover varicose veins or other visible signs. Tired or itchy legs, swollen ankles in the evening, pins and needles or pain in the legs are the first signals of changes in the veins. The so-called “warning veins”, a circle of distended veins at the ankle, is an important early sign.
These are followed later by swelling due to the accumulation of water, so-called “thick legs”.Consult a phlebologist so he/she can choose the treatment that is most suitable for you. Incidentally: the examination is completely painless and presents no risk at all.